ASSISTING THE PARENT, EMPOWERING WITH KNOWLEDGE, APPLYING STRATEGY

TO HELP THE CHILD OVERCOME OBSTACLES INVISIBLE TO THE HUMAN EYE

QUESTION AND ANSWER

YREAD READING & MATH PROGRAME Q&A

READING MADE EASY – MATH SIMPLYFIED

 

QUESTION AND ANSWER

PARENT AID

VISUAL PERCEPTUAL DISORDERS

WHAT IT IS?

It has nothing to do with vision or eyesight but how information is processed or interpreted by brain.

 

WHAT IS VISUAL DISCRIMINATION?

It is the ability to recognise an object as different from its environment.
A child with a visual discrimination problem will struggle to see differences between similar objects, symbols, shapes.
SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Confuse similar letters: u/v; m/n; w/u; t/f

 

WHAT IS VISUAL FORM CONSTANCY?

It is the ability to discriminate specific features in different objects, shapes and symbols despite their size, shading position and texture.
SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Confuse letters and numbers
Problems with words with similar beginnings
Difficult to recognise same word on same  page

IS VISUAL ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS?

It is the ability to see that certain parts make up the whole.

SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.

Struggles to:

Do fractions
Name individual letters
Break up words into syllables
Decode unfamiliar words

 

WHAT IS VISUAL CLOSURE?

It is the ability to identify an object, shape or symbol from a visually unfinished presentation.
SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Does not see whole word
Does not read whole story during comprehension
Do not read full questions in exam

 

WHAT IS VISUAL FIGURE-GROUND PERCEPTION?

It is the skill to make out an object, letter, word, number from background and keep it in foreground
SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOLWORK E.G.
Loose place when copying
Struggles to keep place when reading
Skip certain sections of work

 

WHAT IS POSITION IN SPACE?

The ability to perceive and understand the position of an object in relation to one’s own body.

SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Struggles with positions: in, under, below, inside etc
Reads from right to left e.g. net – ten
Poor judgment of spacing
Ignores punctuation

 

WHAT IS SPATIAL RELATIONS?

The ability to perceive and understand the position of two or more objects in relation to one’s own body and each other.
To identify left and right and to apply it.

SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Incorrect sequence of numbers
Confused with order of vowels
Reads b for d

WHAT IS VISUAL SEQUENTIAL MEMORY?

The ability to remember and immediately recall or reproduce a sequence or words/symbols in the order of presentation

SYMPTOMS EVIDENT IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Cannot remember numbers shape or longer sentences
Mistakes when copying from board
Struggles to remember information that was visually presented
Confuse words with similar sequence

 

WHAT IS VISUAL MOTOR INTEGRATION?

It is the coordination of muscle movements guided by the eyes with finger-hand movements

SYMPTOMS REFELCTED IN SCHOOLWORK E.G.
Poor handwriting skills
Slow writing speed

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY PERCEPTUAL DISORDERS?

It does not affect hearing but it is  how information is processed in the brain from hearing.

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY DISCRIMINATION?

It is the ability to recognise different words and sounds that are similar and different?

SYMPTOMS IN SCHOOLWORK E.G.
Problems understanding spoken language
Problems discriminating between similar sounds  e.g. “th”  and “f”
Difficulty  discriminating between tones of voice

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY MEMORY?

It is the ability to store and recall information that was given orally.

SYMPTOMS REFLECTED IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Struggles to follow verbal information
Has difficulty recalling verbal information
Loses concentration
Cannot follow  verbal instructions
Cannot take notes accurately from verbal presentation

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY SEQUENTIAL MEMORY?

It is the ability to remember accurately the order of sounds in a word or syllable or the sequence in a story.
SYMPTOMS REFLECTED IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.
Struggle to sort information in different categories
Cannot remember sequence of letters in a word or longer sentences
Problems with dictation
Fail to recall the correct sequence of a story that was heard

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY CLOSURE?

It is the ability to combine sounds that are presented orally to make words.

SYMPTOMS REFLECTED IN WORK E.G.
Problems with sounding out of words and discriminating between sounds
Struggles to fill gaps in conversation when parts are missing of conversation

 

WHAT IS  AUDITORY FIGURE-GROUND?

When a child struggles to separate instructions that  are spoken from the background noises e.g. struggles to hear what someone else is saying when TV is on

 

WHAT IS AUDITORY ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS?

It is the ability to HEAR that certain parts make up the whole.
To understand the relation between parts of a word, sentence or figure and the whole concept

SYMPTOMS REFLECTED IN SCHOOL WORK E.G.

Struggles to break up words into syllables
Will struggle to decode unfamiliar words when reading
Struggles to put sections of words together to form new words
Leave out computations in maths when writing from board
Do not complete questionnaires